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Should refugees seeking asylum in Europe be distributed among EU member states according to a quota?
A quota system benefits asylum seekers.
An amended quota system could allow asylum candidates refugee to
rank their preferred destination countries
. This would give asylum seekers a greater chance of ending up in a country where it would be easier for them to integrate in the long term.
Asylum seekers often remain in detention in frontline countries like Italy
for long periods of time
, waiting for their claims to be heard. Distributing asylum seekers equitably could reduce the backlog of asylum cases.
The other policy alternatives to a quota system would cause refugees more harm.
The suggested quota system would involve
payment to host countries
. This could create perverse incentives which lead to negative outcomes for refugees applying for asylum.
If countries opposed to the quota are forced to accept refugees, it is likely that they will be treated poorly by the host countries.
The quota system in its current form might harm asylum seekers by relocating them in a country they do not want to live in.