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Should There be a Universal Basic Income (UBI)?
A UBI promotes
, improving the distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within society.
Most advocates of a UBI emphasize that the fundamental basis of a UBI is equality in terms of opportunity, saying that “each person should have equal opportunity to pursue a conception of the good life” (
Allahyar, p. 8
Only a UBI can guarantee that every person is provided the basic amount of resources needed to survive.
A UBI will reduce discrimination by empowering groups that traditionally lack influence due to economic barriers.
UBI compensates people for the injustice created by the institution of private property.
A UBI enhances the freedom and dignity of individuals.
A UBI reduces the stigma of social welfare, because the payments are distributed to everyone in society.
A UBI can help tackle inequality.
often leaves at-risks families no choice but to reside in crime-stricken 'pre-existing ghettos', which puts their safety and livelihood at higher risk. With a UBI, families will have a choice of where they choose to reside.
A UBI does not do enough to address the individualism which is at the core of class disparity. As long as capitalism exists so does profit, and profit creates power dynamics which allow for the perpetuation of individualistic ideologies.
UBIs could be used by political elites to avoid addressing
: "harms that come to people as a result of structural processes in which many people participate" (pg 7).
It is unfair that people are not receiving benefits on the basis of who is the most vulnerable or in need; the distribution of societal resources should be targeted
at those most in need
of opportunities and support.
Welfare redistribution schemes are unjust, so if a UBI comes from it, it'll be unjust too, due to being a part of it.
Providing work is a better vehicle to promote social justice than providing a UBI.