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Should There be a Universal Basic Income (UBI)?
A work guarantee is preferable to a UBI because work can and does give people a sense of purpose and meaning in life, identity, self-worth and social contact.
A UBI reduces the stigma of social welfare, because the payments are distributed to everyone in society.
Currently unpaid roles such as parenting and caring for loved ones/family, would continue to be unvalued with a work guarantee. The UBI would give carers this sense of purpose, self-worth and social contact that they deserve.
A UBI is preferable to a work guarantee because it allows people to define for themselves what they see as a sense of purpose, meaning in life, identity etc. whether that be work or something else which is most likely still useful.
With increasing automation, it may not be possible to give meaningful jobs to every person in a society.
A work guarantee will create distortions in the marketplace and waste of human resources as it necessarily requires the government to create otherwise unneeded jobs.
A job that is provided by a work guarantee, rather than by having actual economic reasons to exist, is much less able to provide these things than a typical job, so these benefits can't be counted on.