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General AI should have fundamental rights
AGI's fundamental rights are derived from
Fundamental rights are granted based on traits AGI would possess
Considering AGIs are assumed to be sentient beings, excluding them from one of society's pillars implies chaos.
Natural law theorists believe that human laws are defined by
and that it applies to everyone, everywhere. Therefore to exclude Ais from natural law would not be possible as it would be immoral.
Intelligence does not equal will, will does not equal ability to. Best case, new set of basic emergency rights should be created for sentient beings.
As long as AIs do not have the same obligations imparted on it as any human beings, it should not have the same rights.
Our human rights are guaranteed to us by the governments of the societies where we live. This "guarantee" is also what "grants" the right to us in a technical (if not idealistic) sense. If we can technically grant (or deny) rights to humans, we can do this to non-living entities.
Natural law relates to rights "
inherent in virtue of human nature, endowed by nature
". The existence of AGI, whether they share human properties or not, are inherently unnatural and thus the concept of natural law becomes difficult to apply to AGI.