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Should Obligatory Community/Military Service Be Introduced?
Citizens have a moral duty to serve their society in return for the various rights and privileges that they are granted by society.
The Lieber code
, the foundation upon which the Geneva Conventions were built, was drafted on the basis of a philosophy of "no right without its duties, no duty without its rights". They therefore constitute a core part of international law and thinking.
Social Contract Theory
posits that individuals have consented to surrender some of their freedoms in exchange for protection of their remaining rights.
Society needs to find a balance between rights and responsibilities/obligations. Mandatory national service doesn't have to be military - it can be environmental or social projects. National service can contribute too/pay for tertiary education.
A just society should be a balance of rights and responsibilities. There are enough threats against the state, environmental, societal and existential that all must compromise some of their choices for the greater good.
States ensure that citizens are guaranteed protection under the law and by the police.
States provide their citizens with the right to due process.
States provide their citizens with access to many things such as infrastructure and education.
States protect their citizens from alien threats.
States provide emergency services and take responsibility for their citizens in the face of disasters, major accidents or economic crises.
Many citizens are oppressed by their states. Ethnic minorities, women, and other groups suffer as a result of ingrained patriarchy, racism, and systems of privilege which exclude them. These citizens do not have a moral duty to serve a state complicit in, or passive towards, their marginalization.
Citizens are not morally obligated to put their lives on the line for the state.
Debt requires prior consent. Citizens have no ability to choose the state they are born in to, and as such, do not have any obligation to serve the state.
Citizens already contribute to their society by paying taxes and abiding by its laws.
Military service often doesn't serve the society, but only a fraction of it.
In reality, not all members of society are treated equally under conscription. This 'moral duty' would thus only be served by those who could not escape the draft.