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Should Referendums Be Abolished?
Complex and potentially irreversible decisions are oversimplified by framing issues in the binary and asking voters to choose just one or the other.
Referendums tend to reduce the decision to yes/no (in/out, legal/illegal) options, failing on complex issues like Brexit:
. The simplification inherent in referenda decision is ideal for populists, who strive at "simple" answers.
Binary frames leave the public without influence on the implementation of the issue's outcomes.
Whoever has the power to define the question has the capacity to shape its outcome. For instance, there was
about the wording of the question and the options for the 2014 Scottish Independence Referendum.
There are plenty of examples of referendums that offered more than two binary options to voters (
Emerson, p. 163