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Did the US have to use nuclear weapons to achieve Japan's unconditional surrender?
The U.S. had to use nuclear weapons to achieve its goal of Japan unconditionally surrendering.
Only the use of nuclear weapons gave Japan a legitimate reason to surrender while keeping face. This would not have been the case with conventional bombing.
The use of nuclear weapons was necessary to limit civilian and military human costs. If the U.S. stuck with conventional military strategies, many more lives would have been lost.
Only the use of nuclear bombs could convince Japan to surrender and thus was necessary.
The targets of the nuclear bombs were selected by a desire to test the technical effects of the nuclear bombs, rather than by military necessity.
The nuclear bombing was unnecessary because it did not alter the Japanese leadership's perception of the threat that America was posing to them.
The bomb(s) were also dropped, in part,
out of racial prejudices
against the Japanese people, which had escalated in American society following the attack of Pearl Harbor.
The bombs were not dropped out of necessity to end the war, but rather to justify the $2 billion cost of the
Dropping the nuclear bomb on a side that is not a civilian target would have sufficed to induce unconditional surrender.
There was no pressing military need for dropping atomic bombs on Japan.
Japan would have surrendered,
of the use of nuclear weapons, because the Soviet Union joined the war.
The bombing was a diplomatic tactic in negotiating with the
and had little implication for Japan.
The US was aware of the Japanese intention to - nearly unconditional - surrender since they decoded a communication on a mediating request by Japan to Moscow on
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