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Free Will or Determinism: Do We Have Free Will?
There is no free will.
The notions “freedom” and “will” are not compatible, making the expression 'Free Will' oxymoronic.
Human actions and choices can be traced back to deterministic causes.
Observations in science suggest there is no free will.
To have a truly ‘free will’, means to have a will free from external influence. If there exists any factor which originated outside of the individuals own mind, then it is a will bound by external factors/limitations.
Free will exists only as a mental construct.
No action can be the cause of itself, which is the foundational requirement for free will. Therefore free will cannot exist.
There are various religious and spiritual teachings that imply we have free will.
Lived experience and observation suggest that we have free will.
Apparent randomness is strong evidence for the existence of free will.
Moral responsibility cannot exist without free will. Since moral responsibility does exist, by modes tolens, free will must also exist.
The act of debating in itself is a proof of free will's existence.
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