This is a parallel to how companies work; the government protects them, as long as they operate under regulations. This means that AGI could have the right to own a Tax-code, insurance, bank account, credit score, ownable assets, copyrights etc. Also be protected & insured against harm, that can be caused by other parties (humans, companies, other AGIs and natural effects).
Human rights already apply to corporations.
Corporations are conglomerates of humans and therefore deserve rights allotted to humans. There is no basis to deny groups of humans the same rights we provide to individual humans. AGI are not human and do not need human rights.