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Should There be a Universal Basic Income (UBI)?
Having a UBI could reduce the political will needed to stop other welfare programs from shrinking or being discontinued (that would be necessary alongside a UBI).
The all-encompassing and comprehensive nature of UBI is unlike any other form of welfare (which is much more targeted and small scale). Given this, a UBI is likely to be seen as a complete solution to poverty and a replacement for current welfare policy.
Because instituting welfare programs requires political capital and public goodwill, a majority of which will be used instituting a UBI, it is unlikely that the general public will be sympathetic towards additional welfare programs if a UBI is implemented.
The amount of welfare might decrease, but given that there is often a welfare gap that systematically excludes certain individuals even in the best versions of welfare, a UBI is a more equitable distribution of resources which maximizes overall welfare.
Political will is not a currency; it can be renewed and expanded rather than permanently depleted.