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Should Obligatory Community/Military Service Be Introduced?
Having obligatory community/military service would be very costly.
It was estimated in 1988 that reviving the draft in the US would cost
In today's money, that is likely to be even higher still.
Conscription would impose high costs on individual draftees.
that military conscription has on human capital investments leads to lower stocks of human capital, reduced labor productivity, and substantial losses in GDP.
This policy would harm the job market and education by taking away available workers and students.
This policy would require huge amounts of investment to grow the military as a whole.
It would require the state to pay salaries to all 18-year old citizens who are fit to serve.
The two years of labour derived from conscripts would exceed the cost of their training, accommodation & rations. There would be a net fiscal benefit to the state rather than a cost.
The government paying large amounts of people to do work is effectively
: it would increase consumption, which would increase demand and boost the economy. This would generate tax revenues which would offset the immediate costs.
Militia/conscript systems where the majority of soldiers go back to reserve status and their ordinary jobs are often
compared to standing contract soldiers receiving a salary during an entire career.
Volunteer armies expect higher pay and are harder to recruit than conscripted armies, which means they have higher costs.
The government could save on the costs that it would normally expend on public services and maintenance, thereby saving tax payers' money, too.