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Is deliberately not preventing someone's death ethically equivalent to killing them?
Deliberately not preventing someone's death is ethically equivalent to killing them.
Without informed consent, any act of euthanasia is equivalent to murder. This includes passive euthanasia.
Under consequentialist ethics, "good" or "bad" is a property of consequences, not of actions or people; within this framework, a person's death by inaction or by murder are equivalent consequences, so these are morally equivalent.
Refusing to act is an action in itself, and one that a person should be held accountable for.
The outcome is the same, and therefore the ethical accountability is the same.
Someone should not be held accountable for doing nothing.
It is not the responsibility of bystanders to intervene in life or death situations.
If not killing someone isn't the same as saving them, then not saving someone shouldn't be the same as killing them.
Is killing vampires immoral?
How Should Physician-Assisted Death be Handled?
Should Death Row Inmates Be Required To Donate Their Organs Upon Their Death?