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Is the United Nations the best forum to tackle climate change?
The United Nations is the best forum to tackle climate change.
Climate change is an international issue that can only be effectively dealt with on an international level.
The UNFCCC has secured participation of
parties. This is cooperation that could not be achieved on a national scale.
Countries are more likely to comply with climate policies when they are under pressure from other states.
The flexibility of international law makes it an appropriate medium to deal with an issue that is scientifically evolving and dynamic.
155 countries party to the Paris Agreement contribute less than 1% to global emissions, and 28 who contribute nothing. Doing so may prevent the big polluters from engaging with the process to involve the widest range of countries
There is no international police force or judiciary to deal with non-compliance with the UNFCCC.
Negotiations should be structured to allow major contributors of greenhouse gases to tackle the issue rather than trying to accommodate many parties.
When a key country withdraws or does not engage with the treaty, it encourages other countries to follow suit at risk of being uncompetitive economically or militarily. Countries build their diplomacy on reciprocity.
The shift of power away from liberal leaders and towards conservative leaders such as Trump and Putin makes climate change less of a priority on the international stage. The UNFCCC may be sidelined politically.
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