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Should "women-only" spaces be open to anyone identifying as female?
Most people who identify as women
female. Attempts to exclude trans women from women-only spaces will require that a person's sex is verified. Such checks are likely to be invasive and intimidating for all women.
Cisgender women who are sexual assault victims can be retraumatized by more invasive kinds of checks, thus delegitimizing claims of safety.
Checking a patron's DNA or genitals violates a person's right to privacy.
It is intuitive that having "sex verification checks", which may require assessment of one's anatomy would increase the risk for abuse.
Imposing checks may force trans women requesting help to come out when they are not ready.
Sex verification checks
are common in competitive sporting competitions and have proven to be invasive and extremely upsetting for the woman who have been forced to undergo it. There is no reason to think these checks would be any different.
Cis women who have a strong stance against including trans women will accept these tests, even if they are invasive, because they want to ensure that women only spaces, only include cis women.
A simple pledge / oath "I was born with a female body" would probably be sufficient in most cases.
'Most' people, but not all. Not all trans women look 'feminine' and it is sexist to expect them to comply with patriarchal beauty standards.
DNA tests could be required and will in the future be very quick and cheap to do.