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Should Parliamentary Systems Enforce Proportional Representation?
Proportional representation reduces political accountability.
Coalition and minority governments make it more difficult to determine who is to blame for the government's actions.
Attachments to political parties that serve in office tend to subvert the accountability mechanism (
Monitoring difficulties for both voters and political opponents are greater in proportional representation systems as collective action problems for the aforementioned groups are more likely in those settings (
Under proportional representation, the party leadership can more effectively concentrate control over areas where corruption is likely and keep a closer eye on the people they entrust them with. Thus, individual legislators have relatively fewer rent-seeking opportunities (
Proportional elections are associated with more corruption. This is a consequence of voting on party lists (the career-concern effect) rather than over individual candidates, which reduces the effectiveness with which voters can exploit the ballot to deter corruptions (
A proportional system of elections promotes a politically knowledgeable population, and thus informed political participation (
). This in turn
Proportional representative systems
deprive one party of control of Parliament
. This increases accountability as governments with total power become arrogant, overbearing and corrupt.
Proportional elections increase accountability because multiple member districts mean the
public doesn't have to vote against their party
in order to punish a particular candidate.