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Should Parliamentary Systems Enforce Proportional Representation?
Proportional representation systems lead to better policies.
Proportional representation leads to policies that are better for a greater amount of the population.
Coalitions and deals associated with proportional representation allow a greater amount of the population's views to be reflected in policy.
In proportional systems, political candidates'
best electoral strategy
is to promote the party's national popularity meaning they are less likely to be beholden to local special interests (p. 13).
Governments under a system of proportional representation take longer to adopt reforms, even when they are desirable (
Research has found that proportional systems lead to
a decrease in spending
on roads and agricultural subsidies (p. 7).
Proportional systems are fiscally
New Zealand's shift to a PR system
the attention share devoted to party politics, which includes discussions of party competence or incompetence (rather than policy). Discussion of policy-oriented topics decreased (p. 22)
Under proportional systems parties are less able to push for policies they believe in.