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Should Parliamentary Systems Enforce Proportional Representation?
Proportional representation systems make it easier for far-right and radical fringe politicians to win seats in Parliament which is bad for democracy.
has found that despite having roughly the same voting percentage, radical right parties were more than twice as successful in gaining seats under PR as under majoritarian elections.
In Austria, the far right
has the third largest number of seats after the 2017 election.
In Germany's 2017 election the far right party Alternative for Germany (AfG)
won 94 seats
in Parliament. Under a winner takes all system they would only have won 3 seats.
If the UK had used a proportional system UKIP would have
won 82 seats
in the 2015 elections while under FPP UKIP won only one seat.
Democracy is build on the
that all citizens are equal before the state and it entails protection of the human rights of all citizens.
If enough of the population supports these far right parties, they should have a place in Parliament regardless of their views.
Proportional electoral rule is
with center-left governments, while right-wing governments are more frequent under majoritarian elections, which could explain the disparity in spending (p. 648).
found that the share of the vote won by right-wing extremist parties appeared unrelated to the type of electoral system employed.