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Should Referendums Be Abolished?
Referendums are an effective measure to reduce the influence of private interests and lobbying.
It is harder to influence millions of individual voters than the small number of politicians that can be sufficient to swing a vote.
When citizens decide about a political issue, back room negotiations between politicians and lobbyists are vastly less influential.
Politicians are more responsive to direct incentives, for example to
campaign donations from lobbyists
The influence of private interests is not intrinsically negative for democracy.
The Brexit debate in which their are numerous solid reasons to leave, eg
10 reasons to leave ther EU,
became reduced to
. These were all influenced by the media campaigns of the Leave camp.
Instead of convincing politicians, interest groups can simply relocate their efforts and start campaigns in order to win the masses.
Private interest groups were successfully able to influence the Brexit referendum's outcome according to their preferences.