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Should Genetically Modified Organisms (or GMOs) be promoted as part of a sustainable agricultural economy?
Genetically Modified Organisms should be promoted as part of a sustainable agricultural economy.
The main reason that people fear GMOs is a lack of understanding as to what the term GMO means.
can be engineered to produce biochemical pesticides. These "are pesticides that the plants themselves produce after genetic material has been added to them" and are non-toxic upon consumption. The new pest resistant crops need less or no synthetic pesticides and are therefore more efficient.
People should be allowed the freedom to choose their own food.
GMOs offer nutritious and easy to grow plants that can be more resistant to disease and climatic events. They can provide a solution to the lack of food in certain parts of the world.
GMOs can be used to create non-food items, like biofuels, cloth and plastics that are 100% renewable and carbon neutral. This can be done with much less space, thus reducing the need to take away from food production.
Genetic modifications have been in existence for millennia, and almost all food we eat today is far from its wild counterpart. It is thus illogical to fear transgenic GMOs.
So far GMO has mainly been used to make pesticide resistant crops to enable more
use. This is not good for people or the environment.
GMO may reduce biodiversity by out-competing similar plants, leading to unforeseen consequences for the environment, animals and people.
GMO farming is more like a continuation of classical crop maximizing approach of farming where you leave out additional effects of your story in order to achieve your goal. It is contrary to sustainable thinking where you include every possible aspect of the story to reduce possible exploitation.
The only two transgenic crops engineered for herbicide (namely glyphosate) resistance and used on a large scale are corn and soybeans. While other modified traits may not be as harmful, the current usage of this sort of GMO crop creates and promotes an increased use of herbicides that is
GMOs mean that farmers are not economically independent due to patents, and subsequently must rely on seed companies who control their livelihood completely.
There is a human health risk attached to the use of GMOs.
Lack of genetic diversity due to monoculture of GMOs increases the vulnerability of the human populations that depend on them.
There is an animal health risk attached to the use of GMOs.
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