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Should There be a Universal Basic Income (UBI)?
A UBI makes it possible for some people to work less.
For the less advantaged in society whose jobs often involve physical labour, work is often a hard and unrewarding. A UBI helps relieve them of some of this burden.
If average working hours were fewer, it would enable them to be more evenly distributed; reducing both overwork and underwork. Sharing work more evenly reduces the load on those overworked and provides more opportunities for the underworked to do more.
Efficient economies boost production and consumption, but beyond a basic quality of life an individual's happiness is mostly determined by non-material factors. If economic performance does not increase happiness we should curtail it.
Working long hours is detrimental to one's health and encounters diminishing returns.
A UBI will allow individuals the opportunity to take fewer work shifts, giving them more time to pursue other interests they hold valuable.
UBI can liberate brainpower and thinking time, producing additional forward movement for society.
The puritan work ethic of modern capitalism propagates a harmful ideology that equates ones self-worth and self-actualisation through productivity and achievement.
A UBI is the best way that we can arrive at the post-scarcity economy that advancing technologies have been promising since the dawn of the industrial revolution. If you want a future in which the average work day gets shorter because we have automation to do the work for us, you want UBI.
Working less will result in fewer benefits, like health insurance or contribution pension schemes. Even with a UBI, these benefits are still a necessary safety net for employees.
Most employees already have the option for working less by shifting to less demanding (or part-time) jobs. That most people choose to work full-time suggests they value a larger salary over larger amounts of free time.
A UBI, like welfare, denies our innate evolutionarily need to hunt and gather (do work). Humans that do not work are not happy.
If the entire population works less on average, the amount of products and services generated decreases, decreasing overall wealth.
Working, in general, should not be seen as a bad thing. The emphasis of government policy should be to improve our working life; not nullify it.
Only some groups of people actually need to work less — the overworked, those of ill health, etc.
The right way to create an environment where people work less is by shortening the amount of hours required to work at a full-time position.