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General AI should have fundamental rights
The Chinese Room
suggests that it is impossible to identify any deterministic process that equates to consciousness.
The Chinese Room suggests that a machine couldn't become conscious by running a program. But a (deterministic) machine might be able to be built that could. For example, a human might be a deterministic machine that creates consciousness.
While the person working the look-up table doesn't understand Chinese, the system as a whole does understand Chinese.