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Does Hell Exist?
The concept of Hell (or a Hell-type afterlife) has shown to be prominent in cultures around the world throughout history.
Judaism has Sheol.
The idea of Hell is found commonly in different cultures possibly due to common global geologic observations. These include lava flows, volcanic activity, and other fearful geologic phenomenon.
Hell is just brief and simplified version of Buddhist
concept. Bardo has six states, some similar to hell other to limbo or heaven.
have views of Hell.
had a view of Hell called
believed in a
lake of fire
believed in an
with a deepest pit called
Having a concept of Hell is to be expected from a species with an inherent sense of justice, however it does not prove that Hell exists.
Many mythologies have
that drift apart and change over time much like language and other cultural traits.
The concept of Hell is socially constructed, which means that this concept is relative to other cultures. Therefore "hell" is not the same thing in other societies.
cultures have an afterlife with the classic good/neutral/bad outcomes. The definition of good/bad, the description of the outcomes, the length of time, are all wildly different. Without sufficient commonality, all we can assert is that
cultures believed in morality and a punishment / reward model.