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Should the EU introduce a carbon tax?
The EU has a moral obligation to reduce carbon emissions in order to mitigate climate change.
Climate change poses a
major threat to human health
. Every person has a moral responsibility to limit the harm they cause to others.
has set it apart in today's political landscape as a global leader and role model. It thus has a moral duty to set a positive example.
The EU has a moral obligation to developing countries, which have been disproportionately impacted by climate change.
The EU is disproportionately responsible for the accelerated climate change that threatens the world today.
The EU's moral obligation could be met by any policy that reduces carbon emissions, including its current policies.
The EU has a number of moral obligations (including duties to its own citizens, obligations to those in poverty and refugees from global violence). It should try and prioritize those efforts where it can make the most difference.
Climate change is a
collective action problem
meaning that the EU will not be able to make a big impact by itself.
The EU only has an obligation to its domestic constituents who are part of the EU and is not beholden to the interests of the global citizenry. Hence, it has no responsibility to tackle global warming.
The current state of climate change is the result of actions taken by previous generations for which current EU citizens cannot be held responsible.