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Is Gender a Social Construct?
The hierarchical structure of gender is upheld in order to maintain social control.
Gender is used by nation states for greater administrative control.
Stereotypes and normative scripts around gender have developed such that people face societal pressure to buy into them, and potentially face social consequences for not doing so. In this way society continues to construct gender and expect different behaviour on the basis of gender.
Patriarchal societies have an interest in perpetuating a societal system traditionally run by men. They do this through the idea of fixed gender identities and roles.
that when sex and sexuality become an object of knowledge, the people who control this knowledge become increasingly important as they have an influence on behaviors. The same happens with gender, as part of the same discourse.
Hierarchical structures based on biological sex have evolved in many species – all with lesser cognitive abilities than Homo sapiens, with no evidence that there is any conspiracy of one gender to control another.
If gender is a social construct meant to exalt the masculine and suppress the feminine, it is unclear why a biological male would chose to identify as a female, to his own disadvantage.
This could be true even if gender is entirely biological and immutable.
Many now and former totalitarian countries (the USSR, China,
, (pp. 101-116) etc.) have used gender equity as a means of social control.
Gender roles are necessary for society to function healthily. Without them there would be confusion and chaos.
Men are naturally more powerful than women.
Some studies have found that children raised in same-sex families have
academic outcomes and are twice more likely to have emotional
. This shows that gender differences are the natural basis of families and thus our society.