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North Korea should not give up its nuclear weapons for its national security.
There is no perpetual ally in the international community.
After the Cold War, South Korea established relations with China and Russia, while North Korea failed to do so with the US and Japan.
Since the mid-1950s, Soviet Union and China began conflicting on the issue of whether the Communist could coexist with the Capitalist West. This political and ideological debates hugely impacted North Korea.
The fact that Soviet Union withdrew the nuclear weapons from Cuba impressed Kim that Moscow would not protect him, which led him to announce the four military guidelines at the fourth-term Party Central Committee on December 1962. (
In the Chinese-North Korean summit on April 18 of 1975, Mao “declined to support Kim Il-sung’s proposal to attack the South.” (
Xia and Shen, p1108
Although the cooperation and support was different, China has been one of the closest allies for North Korea since 1948.
North Korea and China have been keeping the Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty since 1961, where the article stipulates that
"the two nations guarantee to adopt immediately all necessary measures to oppose any country or coalition of countries that might attack either nation."