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General AI should have fundamental rights
There would not be significant difference between conscious AGI and humans.
In a future where distinguishing between an AI and a human might be difficult (approaching or past
), granting protection to AI entities is necessary.
If, for instance, a digital intelligence were created from the minds of real humans, or even copied from them, we would need a framework for their rights and protections.
Humans are not morally equivalent to machines. We do not create machines as things-in-themselves but to serve human ends. Humans, however, are not created for any other purpose than to live.
The definitions we use to understand human nature are themselves more abstract and arbitrary than is commonly believed. Assigning such rights to AI could exacerbate the problem which already expresses itself in human inequality.
Physical form of AGI would be different than humans
AIs lack the emotions of a biologically based being.
There is likely to be a significant difference in both cognition and sense of self between largely immortal, decencentralized and parallel running machine intelligence and organic humans glued to the POV of our mortal bodies.