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Does science justify atheism?
Using a method that isn't able to prove or disprove something's existence isn't a justification to believe or not believe in that something.
Science is a method based on observation, which can't explain desire, sensation or experience.
Science doesn't prove that there is a God, and neither does it prove that there isn't a God. Therefore, science can't back the certain claim that there is no God.
Science is the best tool for understanding nature. To say that science justifies atheism (which concerns the supernatural) is like saying my cat detector justifies a belief that there are no dogs. It is a category error.
One cannot use the scientific method to measure metaphysical ideas. Using science to understand religion is like using chemistry to prove the meaning of art, or physics to prove the concept of love.
Science may strongly refute many religious assertions about reality and history, however this does not discredit claims which are not within the realm of science.
The question of this debate is not "Is god real?"; The question is "Does science justify atheism?". Whether or not an individual accepts science as an avenue for truth does not affect this debate.
. We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both true and sufficient to explain their appearances.
If you can believe in something without evidence, you can believe in anything. If you apply this reasoning evenly across your life, you must equally believe every rule in the Bible and simultaneously believe the opposite of every rule in the Bible.
While it is true that we cannot be absolutely certain of anything (of which science makes this admission) absolute certainty is not required for reasonable justification based on evidence.
Being not in awareness of a method to prove or disprove something's existence is a reasonable justification for refraining from making a claim that god exists. (which is all Atheism is: not making the claim that a god or gods exist)
One doesn't believe in fairies or leprechauns but we can't prove they don't exist but most sensible people don't,so absolute proof is not necessary or even possible.